Cover of: Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area | L. Kristjansson

Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area

  • 336 Pages
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Springer
Earth Sciences - General, Geophysics, Science / Geophysics, Sc
The Physical Object
FormatHardcover
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL9095499M
ISBN 109027705054
ISBN 139789027705051

Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Reykjavik, Iceland, 1–7 July, Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Reykjavik, Iceland, 1–7 July, Editors: Kristjansson, L.

(Ed.)Brand: Springer Netherlands. Get this from a library. Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic area: proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Reykjavik, Iceland, July, [L Kristjansson;] -- Topics dealt with in the principal lectures at the meeting included: History of the North Atlantic; Structure and origin of the mid-ocean and transverse ridges crossing Iceland; Iceland as a.

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Get this from a library. Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Reykjavik, Iceland, July, [L Kristjansson] -- During the revolution in earth science that has taken place in recent years, studies of the North Atlantic ocean floor and of Iceland have played an increasingly significant role.

adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86AAuthor: A. Hall. The tectonical setting in Iceland is quite complex due to the interaction of the Iceland hot spot and the Mid Atlantic Ridge.

While in the north of the island one active spreading zone exists, the. Iceland is unique in the North East Atlantic Ocean in having extensive volcanic activity, due to the presence of a hot spot (Iceland plume) at the plate boundaries beneath the island (Shen et al.

Iceland, rising to more than 2 km above sea level, originates from the interaction of a mid-oceanic ridge and excessive mantle upwelling. The plate boundary between the North American and Eurasian. Cretaceous–Tertiary geodynamics: a North Atlantic exercise Trond H.

Torsvik,1,2 Jon Mosar1 and Elizabeth A. Eide1 1 Geological Survey of Norway, Leiv Eirikssons N Trondheim, Norway. Email: [email protected] 2 Department of Mineralogy and Petrology, Lund University, So¨lveg. 13, S 62, Sweden. Accepted May Received September 11; in original form.

The Geodynamics series serves to showcase the diversity of research topics and/or methods in the geodynamics community.

In this week’s post, Fred Richards explains how ‘Dynamic Topography’ is used in the Geosciences, and discusses the knowns, unknowns, and the challenges ahead. Since shortly after its tumultuous formation billion years ago, Earth has been steadily. This book provides a summary of geodynamic results from Iceland that presently are found in a great number of scientific articles, but have not been collected before in a book.

The ever increasing number of scientists interested in geology and geophysics of Iceland should find the book a "must" to. Vogt P.R. () The Iceland Phenomenon: Imprints of a Hot Spot on the Ocean Crust, and Implications for Flow Below the Plates.

In: Kristjansson L. (eds) Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area. NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series (Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences), vol Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area. Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area pp Kristjansson L.

Description Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area EPUB

(eds) Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area. NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series (Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences), vol eBook Packages Springer Book Archive; Buy this book. Timing and duration of volcanism in the North Atlantic Igneous Province: Implications for geodynamics and links to the Iceland hotspot.

Author links open overlay panel Michael Storey a Robert A. Duncan b Christian Tegner c. a roughly circular area km in diameter. Abstract. The North Atlantic has been a key area since Vine [1] demonstrated the regularity of the magnetic anomalies along the Reykjanes Ridge while Iceland and the transverse ridge extending from the Faeroes to East Greenland represent the trace of a hot spot generated throughout the development of this part of the North Atlantic.

Sigvaldason G.E., Steinthórsson S. () Chemistry of Tholeiitic Basalts from Iceland and their Relation to the Kverkfjöll Hot Spot. In: Kristjansson L. (eds) Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area. NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series (Series C — Mathematical and Physical Sciences), vol Geology and geodynamics of Iceland R.G.

Trønnes, Nordic volcanological Institute, University of Iceland Iceland is located where the asthenosperic flow under the the NE Atlantic plate boundary interacts and mixes with a deep-seated mantle plume. The buoyancy of the Iceland plume leads to.

select article The Iceland Microcontinent and a continental Greenland-Iceland-Faroe Ridge. Magmatism in the North Atlantic Igneous Province; mantle temperatures, rifting and geodynamics.

Malcolm J.

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Hole, James H. Natland. Article Download PDF. Article preview. Iceland's location astride the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where the Eurasian and North American Plates are moving apart, is partly responsible for this intense volcanic activity, but an additional cause is necessary to explain why Iceland is a substantial island while the rest of the ridge mostly consists of seamounts, with peaks below sea level.

Heat flow through the Atlantic Ocean floor and convection currents, Journal of Geophysical Research, /JZip, 71, 22, (), (). Wiley Online Library Peter A.

Rona, Plate tectonics, energy and mineral resources: Basic research leading to payoff, Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, /EOip,   Prior to the onset of volcanism across the NAIP at ∼ 61 Ma, Greenland was joined to Europe ().Seafloor spreading in the south Labrador Sea had started earlier between Canada and Greenland (∼ 80 Ma, Roest and Srivastava, ), preceded by a long period of slow extension (Chalmers, ), but without any evidence of excess fact, the pre-drift North Atlantic.

Kent Brooks, S. Jakobsson, Petrochemistry of the Volcanic Rocks of the North Atlantic Ridge System, Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area, /.

Eruptive mechanisms in Iceland. In L. Kristjánsson, ed. Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic Area. Reidel, Dordrecht, Menu. Submission Guideline; Paper Submission. Glaciology and related earth sciences; Other fields of the life sciences.

This book investigates how the emergence of the Arctic as a new geopolitical arena affects and reshapes the area known as the North Atlantic: Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands and coastal Norway.

The relationship between the center of the former Danish empire and its subordinates have rested on (varying degrees of) asymmetric power.

A set of 95 fault plane solutions for earthquakes along the mid‐oceanic ridge system in the North Atlantic and Arctic has been compiled, several of which are reported here for the first time. All the solutions are single event solutions, and most of them are based on teleseismic, long period data.

A major rifting episode is now occurring in north Iceland. This started on 20 Decemberwith a basaltic eruption, an exceptionally intense earthquake swarm and movement on an km segment of. Walker, G. L., in Geodynamics of Iceland and the North Atlantic area (edit.

by Kristjansson, L.), – (Reidel, Dordrecht, ). Google Scholar. We have re-evaluated mantle potential temperature estimates for the North Atlantic Igneous Province (NAIP). Temperature estimates involving olivine addition to pillow-lava glasses are unreliable because host glasses formed along the liquid+olivine+plagioclase cotectic and not just the olivine liquidus.

Knowledge of the crustal structure of the Iceland-Faeroe Ridge is based on results from the North Atlantic Seismic Project of supplemented by earlier short refraction lines and reflection, gravity and magnetic surveys.

The main 5. 7 km/s upper crustal layer is locally overlain by lower velocity layers of variable thickness. Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland) is an island country at the confluence of the North Atlantic and Arctic oceans, east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle, atop the constructive boundary of the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge about km ( mi) from Scotland and 4, km (2, mi) from New York of the world's most sparsely populated countries, Iceland's boundaries are.

The geology of Iceland is unique and of particular interest to geologists. Iceland lies on the divergent boundary between the Eurasian plate and the North American also lies above a hotspot, the Iceland plume is believed to have caused the formation of Iceland itself, the island first appearing over the ocean surface about 16 to 18 million years ago.

1. Introduction. During the first half of the 20th century, petrology in Iceland revolved largely around three theoretical problems: (a) the paradox that despite being a part of the mid-Atlantic ridge, Iceland appeared to distinguish itself from it petrologically, (b) the relationship between the sub-alkalic and alkalic magma suites, and (c) the origin of the silicic rocks in Iceland, which.We present the results of a seismic survey performed around the Kolbeinsey Ridge, North Atlantic.

The seismic data were acquired along three profiles: on the ridge axis (Ll), 12 km off‐ridge (L2), an.